Irrespective of the grade of the topic and the subject of research you have chosen, basic requirement and process of all remains same i.e. “research”. Re-search in itself means searching on a searched content and this involves some proven fact along with some practical figures reflecting the authenticity and reliability of the study. These facts and figures which are required to prove the fundamentals of study are known as “data’s”.
These data’s are collected according to the demand of research topic and its study undertaken. Also their collection techniques vary along with the topic in detail for example if the topic is like “Changing era of HR policies”, the demanded data would be subjective and its technique thus depends on the same. Whereas if the topic is like “Causes of performance appraisal”, then the demanded data would be objective and in the terms of figures which shows different parameters, reasons and factors affecting performance appraisal of different number of employees. So, let’s have a broader look on the different data collection techniques which gives a reliable ground to your research –
• Primary Technique – Here, the data is collected by the first hand source directly are known as primary data’s. Self-analysis is a sub classification of primary data collection – As understood; here you get self-response for a set of questions or a study. For example – personal in-depth interviews and questionnaires are self-analyzed data collection techniques, but its limitation lies in the fact that self-response can be sometimes biased or even confused. On the other, hand the advantage is in the court of most updated data as it is directly collected from the source.
• Secondary Technique – In this technique the data is collected from the pre-collected resources they are called as secondary data’s. Data’s are collected from articles, bulletins, annual reports, journals, published papers, government and non-government documents and case studies. Limitation of these is that they may not be the updated one or may be manipulated as it is not collected by the researcher itself.
Secondary data is easy to collect as they are pre-collected and are preferred when there is lack of time whereas primary data’s are tough to amass. Thus, if researcher wants to bring up to date, reliable and factual data’s they should prefer primary source of collection. But, these data collection techniques vary according to problem generated in the thesis. Hence, go through the demands of your thesis first before indulging yourself into data collection.